Şieu-Odorhei

Şieu-Odorhei commune is located in the northern part of Romania, in the western part of Bistriţa-Năsăud County, 15 km away from Beclean town and 32 km from the town residence of the county - Bistriţa, 100 km up to the airports Cluj-Napoca and Târgu-Mureş. The villages of the commune are: Şieu-Odorhei - the village of residence, Agrişu de Jos, Agrişu de Sus, Bretea, Coasta, Cristur-Şieu, Şirioara.

It is bordered to the north by Chiuza commune, to the west by Beclean town, to the south-west by Nuşeni commune, to the south by Lechinţa commune, to the southeast by Şieu-Măgheruş commune, to the east and north-east by Şintereag commune.

 

Bistrița-Năsăud County Museum holds in its collections several antique and feudal thesauri which gives an insight over the economic prosperity of the population in the area, from the oldest times. In 1982 it is discovered "The treasure from Şieu-Odorhei". It is about 207 Greek silver tetradrahmas and seven Celtic coins that belonged to a Dacian noble who participated together with Burebista in the expedition against the Celts in the 60s BC : "The fact that in Șieu Odorhei were discovered, in 1982, alongside the Greek tetradrahmas, also the seven Celtic coins of gold of 24 carats - coins like these that were never discovered before to the east of Tisza, demonstrate that these could only be a spoil of war and that the noble Dacian that owned them participated, alongside the troops of Burebista, to the incursion against the Celts", explains the archaeologist Marinescu, the discoverer of the thesaurus.
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Located on the left bank of Şieu River, Şieu-Odorhei village is attested as dating from the second century BC, being of Dacian origin. In the village were also discovered the traces of a road from the Roman Age and of a Dacian-Roman settlement. The village is documentary attested in 1263 under the name of Darócudvarhely.


Even before 1300 Şirioara village is mentioned in a Hungarian code, in which all the Romanian inhabitants were serfs on the estate of a Hungarian boyar. The name of Şirioara, given to the village, comes from rows of houses, built on both sides of the road.


Bretea village is documentary attested in 1329 under the name of Berethe. Initially it belonged to the Hungarian noble family Somkerék, then it was partitioned between the families Bethlen and Almakerék. Although initially it was a Saxon village, the Saxons were assimilated by the Hungarians that came shortly after. In 1898 the inhabitants built a wooden church dedicated to the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel.

Touristic attractions met in the commune:
Customs and traditions


"The adornment of the ox with flowers"


The custom "The adornment of the ox with flowers" is inherited from the Dacians and takes place every year, in the first day of the Pentecost, during which several girls dressed in folk costumes try to stop from the rush an ox that is wearing a crown of flowers between the horns, the animal being chased by several other boys on horseback.
After the church service, a retinue made up of girls dressed in folk costumes and boys, also wearing folk clothes, but on horseback, accompanies an ox, between its horns putting a big wreath of flowers. Behind the ox come several boys that are called "cenuşorci", characters costumed with green branches of trees, that snap the whips to chase the ox, and that all the locals are trying to wet them with buckets of water, when they pass on their lanes.


According to the ethnologist Vasile Cosma, "The adornment of the ox with flowers" symbolizes "the confidence of the human in the triumph of the sun whose energy gives safety to the abundance and hope of welfare", it being practiced on the Pentecost, day on which the priests sanctify and bless the fields. "The custom is a perpetuation of the mythical rituals from the time of the Dacians which attributed to some divine forces the strong outpouring of light, warmth and color that trigger towards the end of spring a fantastic vegetative explosion which cheers the world and the human soul", he noted in a specialized study.


"The Ball of the married ones"


Year by year, in the first month of the year, when the snow is at her home, the people in Sieu take out their clothes from the chest on feast day and go dancing. The manifestation has as a starting point The Festival of the married ones, a custom that is held annually, starting with the 70s.


According to the tradition, each year, the community gathers at the Ball of the married ones. The manifestation, which is focused on promoting the traditional costume and dance on Şieului Valley, is one of the most awaited, the people making good cheer with joy at the beginning of the New Year. For two days, Saturday and Sunday, the people coming from the valleys from the area of Şieu, and not only, make good cheer dressed in folk clothes, with traditional food and music of the best quality.



Touristic routes

Şieu - Odorhei Şieu, Odorhei village - Lechinţei Hills /Şieu River - The Reformed Church, thirteenth century.

 

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